Translation-precedence of functional over word meaning.

Description :
The importance of human translators and a reliable agency and the drawbacks of machine translation. Translation is the conversion of information from one language to another. It requires special skills to ensure that not just words but more importantly the meaning, intent and function of the original sentence is conveyed in the translated text. Consider for example, the word ‘hey’ in English. Now look at it in a conversation: A: Hey! B: Yeah? We can see that the word has no meaning by itself, but it’s usage in a specific situation, and when uttered to get someone’s attention, performs a certain function of drawing attention, and asking the other to pay attention. Now try to imagine how this would be said in a different language. If you were to consider only the LITERAL or WORD meaning of ‘hey’ you would get many equivalents which, when applied in the same dialogue, may be out of place in the target language. Take for example in a Hindi -speaking environment – one could say ओए Or सुन (literally – listen – functionally – give me your attention) In Kannada one could say: ಇಲ್ಲಿ ನೋಡು, (literally means – hey, look here – or – give me your attention. In German one could say: Schau mal! (literally – look here – meaning – give me your attention) This is an example to show how the meaning is not conveyed by the semantic or lexical content of a word alone, but rather adapt the choice of words to serve the purpose that was originally intended. The same idea applies to larger texts, more so where the nuances of languages are important to understand. The subtle shades of meaning call of ingenuity as well as familiarity with the USE of both languages, especially the target language. Consider another language: When a person says in English: “I can’t wait to meet you!” Translated LITERALLY, one could say: Hindi : मैं तुमसे मिलने के लिए इंतजार नही
Tag1 : Machine translation
Tag2 : Human translation
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Country and State : India , Karnataka
Posted On : 2019-07-15 11:09:12